Rectal Prolapse: Causes, Symptoms, and Modern Treatment Options

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Rectal Prolapse: Causes, Symptoms, and Modern Treatment Options

Rectal prolapse occurs when the rectum — the last part of the large intestine — protrudes through the anus. It can range from mild to severe and often requires medical attention. Understanding the causes, recognizing symptoms, and exploring modern treatment options are essential for effective management of this condition.

Causes of Rectal Prolapse

Rectal prolapse can be caused by various factors, including:

  • Chronic Constipation: Straining during bowel movements over time can weaken the rectal muscles.
  • Age and Muscle Weakness: Weakening of pelvic floor muscles with age can contribute to prolapse.
  • Childbirth: Especially multiple vaginal deliveries, which can stretch and weaken pelvic muscles.
  • Chronic Diarrhea: Increases the risk of prolapse due to frequent bowel movements.

Symptoms of Rectal Prolapse

Symptoms may vary depending on the severity of the prolapse but often include:

  • Feeling of a bulge or tissue protruding from the anus
  • Pain or discomfort, especially during bowel movements
  • Difficulty controlling bowel movements (fecal incontinence)
  • Bleeding or mucus discharge from the rectum

Diagnosis and Evaluation

Diagnosis typically involves a physical examination, where the doctor may ask you to strain as if having a bowel movement to observe the prolapse. Additional tests may include:

  • Colonoscopy: To examine the rectum and colon for other conditions.
  • Anorectal Manometry: Measures the strength and coordination of the muscles around the rectum.
  • MRI or Ultrasound: Provides detailed images of the rectum and pelvic area.

Modern Treatment Options

Treatment depends on the severity of the prolapse and may include:

  • Behavioral Changes: Such as dietary modifications to prevent constipation or diarrhea.
  • Pelvic Floor Therapy: Exercises to strengthen pelvic muscles.
  • Medications: To manage symptoms like constipation or to reduce rectal swelling.
  • Surgery: In severe cases, surgical procedures may be necessary to repair or support the rectum.

For personalized evaluation and treatment of rectal prolapse, schedule a consultation with Dr. Ram C Soni. As a specialist in gastrointestinal disorders, Dr. Soni offers expert care and modern treatment options tailored to each patient’s needs. Contact Dr. Soni at +91-9811446141 or visit to learn more.

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